|TITLE: HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS OF BUTTERFLIES IN THE PARAMBIKULAM WILDLIFE SANCTUARY, KERALA, INDIA|
|Author: V.V.SudheendraKumar, C.F.Bonoy P.V.Suresh and George Mathew|
|Journal, Bombay Natural History Society, Vol. 97 (2), August .2000.Page no193|
Abstract: Habitat associations of 124 butterfly species were determined by analyzing species records from five habitat types in the Parambikulam Wildlife sanctuary, Kerala.The butterflies recorded belonged to 75 genera and 9 families. The families Nymphalidae, Pieridae, Lycaenidae and Satyridae were represented by the maximum number of species. Thirty -three species were present altogether in all habitat types in the sanctuary. Fifteen species were found to be habitat specific, namely Papilio buddha, Pathys antiphates, Pachliopta pandiyana, Pantoporia ranga, Parenonia valeria hippa, Zipoetis saitis, Oriens concinna, Vracholaperse ghela, Zesius chrysomallus in the evergreen forests and Ixias marianne, I. pyrene, Colotis etrida, C. danae, C. fausta, Ypthima ceylonica ceylonica in the dry deciduous forests. Tropical wet evergreen forests possessed the greatest butterfly diversity in the Parabikulam, followed by semi-evergreen and moist deciduous habitats. Significant reduction in butterfly diversity was observed in both dry deciduous habitats and teak plantations. Out of the butterflies recorded, 10 species are narrow to Western Ghats and 18 species have protected status.